Artist Name: Pearl Jam

06 Feb 2006, 05:58 142,159,787 2,678,227

Pearl JamPearl Jam is an American rock band formed in 1990 in Seattle, Washington. Since its inception, the band's line-up has included Eddie Vedder (lead vocals), Mike McCready (lead guitar), Stone Gossard (rhythm guitar), and Jeff Ament (bass). Since 1998, the band has also included drummer Matt Cameron (also of Soundgarden). Boom Gaspar (piano) has also been a session/touring member with the band since 2002.

Formed after the demise of Gossard and Ament's previous band, Mother Love Bone, Pearl Jam broke into the mainstream with its debut album, Ten, in 1991. One of the key bands in the grunge movement of the early 1990s, its members often shunned popular music industry practices such as making music videos or giving interviews. The band also sued Ticketmaster claiming it had monopolized the concert-ticket market. In 2006, Rolling Stone described the band as having "spent much of the past decade deliberately tearing apart their own fame."

The band had sold nearly 32 million records in the United States by 2012, and until 2018, they had sold more than 85 million records worldwide. Pearl Jam outsold many of its contemporary alternative rock bands from the early 1990s, and is considered one of the most influential bands of the decade. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic referred to Pearl Jam as "the most popular American rock & roll band of the '90s". Pearl Jam was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on April 7, 2017, in its first year of eligibility.

Compared with the other grunge bands of the early 1990s, Pearl Jam's style is noticeably less heavy and harkens back to the classic rock music of the 1970s. Pearl Jam has cited many punk rock and classic rock bands as influences, including The Who, Led Zeppelin, Neil Young, Kiss and the Ramones. Pearl Jam's success has been attributed to its sound, which fuses "the riff-heavy stadium rock of the '70s with the grit and anger of '80s post-punk, without ever neglecting hooks and choruses." Gossard's rhythm guitar style is known for its sense of beat and groove, while McCready's lead guitar style, influenced by artists such as Jimi Hendrix, has been described as "feel-oriented" and "rootsy."

Pearl Jam has broadened its musical range with subsequent releases. As he had more influence on the band's sound, Vedder sought to make the band's musical output less catchy. He said, "I felt that with more popularity, we were going to be crushed, our heads were going to pop like grapes." By 1994's Vitalogy, the band began to incorporate more punk influences into its music. The band's 1996 album, No Code, was a deliberate break from the musical style of Ten. The songs on the album featured elements of garage rock, worldbeat, and experimentalism. After Yield in 1998, which was somewhat of a return to the straightforward rock approach of the band's early work, they dabbled with experimental art rock on the Binaural album of 2000, and with folk rock elements on the 2002 Riot Act album. The band's 2006 album, Pearl Jam, was cited as a return to their early sound. Their 2009 album, Backspacer, contains elements of pop and new wave.

Critic Jim DeRogatis describes Vedder's vocals as a "Jim Morrison-like vocal growl." Greg Prato of AllMusic said, "With his hard-hitting and often confessional lyrical style and Jim Morrison-esque baritone, Vedder also became one of the most copied lead singers in all of rock." Vedder's lyrical topics range from personal ("Alive", "Better Man") to social and political concerns ("Even Flow", "World Wide Suicide"). His lyrics have often invoked the use of storytelling and have included themes of freedom, individualism, and sympathy for troubled individuals. When the band started, Gossard and McCready were clearly designated as rhythm and lead guitarists, respectively. The dynamic began to change when Vedder started to play more rhythm guitar during the Vitalogy era. McCready said in 2006, "Even though there are three guitars, I think there's maybe more room now. Stone will pull back and play a two-note line and Ed will do a power chord thing, and I fit into all that".

While Nirvana had brought grunge to the mainstream in the early 1990s with Nevermind, Pearl Jam's debut Ten outsold it in the United States, and the band became "the most popular American rock & roll band of the '90s" according to AllMusic. Pearl Jam has been described as "modern rock radio's most influential stylists – the workmanlike midtempo chug of songs like "Alive" and "Even Flow" just melodic enough to get moshers singing along." The band inspired and influenced a number of bands, ranging from Silverchair to Puddle of Mudd and The Strokes. The band has also been credited for inspiring the indie rock scene of 90s-era urban Pakistan, that has since evolved into a rich rock music culture in the country.

Pearl Jam has been praised for its rejection of rock star excess and its insistence on backing causes it believes in. Music critic Jim DeRogatis said in the aftermath of the band's battle with Ticketmaster that it "proved that a rock band which isn't comprised of greed heads can play stadiums and not milk the audience for every last dime... it indicated that idealism in rock 'n' roll is not the sole province of those '60s bands enshrined in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame." Eric Weisbard of Spin said in 2001, "The group that was once accused of being synthetic grunge now seem as organic and principled a rock band as exists." In a 2005 USA Today reader's poll, Pearl Jam was voted the greatest American rock band of all time. In April 2006, Pearl Jam was awarded the prize for "Best Live Act" in Esquire's Esky Music Awards. The blurb called Pearl Jam "the rare superstars who still play as though each show could be their last." Pearl Jam's fanbase following has been compared to that of the Grateful Dead's, with Rolling Stone magazine stating that Pearl Jam "toured incessantly and became one of rock's great arena acts, attracting a fanatical, Grateful Dead-like cult following with marathon, true-believer shows in the vanishing spirit of Bruce Springsteen, the Who and U2."

When asked about Pearl Jam's legacy in a 2000 interview, Vedder said, "I think at some point along the way we began feeling we wanted to give people something to believe in because we all had bands that gave that to us when we needed something to believe in. That was the big challenge for us after the first record and the response to it. The goal immediately became how do we continue to be musicians and grow and survive in view of all this... The answers weren't always easy, but I think we found a way."

Drummers Dave Krusen, Matt Chamberlain, Dave Abbruzzese, and Jack Irons are former members of the band.

Top Track of Atist: Pearl Jam

Alive - Pearl Jam

Alive

936,205
5,905,323
Even Flow - Pearl Jam

Even Flow

856,091
5,521,695
Jeremy - Pearl Jam

Jeremy

803,700
4,952,153
Black - Pearl Jam

Black

780,485
5,831,650
Once - Pearl Jam

Once

452,819
2,335,982
Last Kiss - Pearl Jam

Last Kiss

446,198
2,677,552
Better Man - Pearl Jam

Better Man

439,217
2,693,815
Daughter - Pearl Jam

Daughter

418,492
2,355,136
Oceans - Pearl Jam

Oceans

389,618
1,918,600
Yellow Ledbetter - Pearl Jam

Yellow Ledbetter

388,299
2,498,035
Why Go - Pearl Jam

Why Go

378,728
1,888,163
Porch - Pearl Jam

Porch

365,677
1,956,596
Just Breathe - Pearl Jam

Just Breathe

360,363
2,540,867
Garden - Pearl Jam

Garden

337,284
1,751,471
Do the Evolution - Pearl Jam

Do the Evolution

323,328
2,014,317
Deep - Pearl Jam

Deep

293,775
1,277,904
Release - Pearl Jam

Release

289,930
1,343,762
Given to Fly - Pearl Jam

Given to Fly

276,985
1,694,688
Animal - Pearl Jam

Animal

276,146
1,445,989
Go - Pearl Jam

Go

258,876
1,339,318
Corduroy - Pearl Jam

Corduroy

256,257
1,509,113
The Fixer - Pearl Jam

The Fixer

249,418
1,690,313
Nothingman - Pearl Jam

Nothingman

245,770
1,425,268
Dissident - Pearl Jam

Dissident

243,434
1,193,349
I Am Mine - Pearl Jam

I Am Mine

237,745
1,425,881
Rearviewmirror - Pearl Jam

Rearviewmirror

237,650
1,340,673
Wishlist - Pearl Jam

Wishlist

212,411
1,205,917
World Wide Suicide - Pearl Jam

World Wide Suicide

206,228
1,067,210
State of Love and Trust - Pearl Jam

State of Love and Trust

204,682
1,263,157
Immortality - Pearl Jam

Immortality

196,857
1,023,316
Spin the Black Circle - Pearl Jam

Spin the Black Circle

195,937
880,683
Off He Goes - Pearl Jam

Off He Goes

193,821
1,066,911
Not for You - Pearl Jam

Not for You

190,273
871,073
Nothing As It Seems - Pearl Jam

Nothing As It Seems

180,782
930,736
Hail, Hail - Pearl Jam

Hail, Hail

177,911
954,968
Light Years - Pearl Jam

Light Years

164,610
810,727
Indifference - Pearl Jam

Indifference

161,693
841,104
Life Wasted - Pearl Jam

Life Wasted

160,149
774,651
Got Some - Pearl Jam

Got Some

156,827
966,068
Glorified G - Pearl Jam

Glorified G

152,325
655,260
Amongst the Waves - Pearl Jam

Amongst the Waves

150,487
881,652
Save You - Pearl Jam

Save You

150,342
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Unthought Known - Pearl Jam

Unthought Known

149,674
958,683
Blood - Pearl Jam

Blood

146,663
625,009
Sirens - Pearl Jam

Sirens

146,038
945,575
Gonna See My Friend - Pearl Jam

Gonna See My Friend

145,358
734,518
Johnny Guitar - Pearl Jam

Johnny Guitar

138,633
733,871
Rats - Pearl Jam

Rats

137,829
583,476
Who You Are - Pearl Jam

Who You Are

137,622
593,291
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